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Guinea-Bissau Geography

    Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal

    Geographic coordinates: 12 00 N, 15 00 W

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 36,120 sq km
    land: 28,000 sq km
    water: 8,120 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Connecticut

    Land boundaries:
    total: 724 km
    border countries: Guinea 386 km, Senegal 338 km

    Coastline: 350 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

    Terrain: mostly low coastal plain rising to savanna in east

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: unnamed location in the northeast corner of the country 300 m

    Natural resources: fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, unexploited deposits of petroleum

    Land use:
    arable land: 11%
    permanent crops: 1%
    permanent pastures: 38%
    forests and woodland: 38%
    other: 12% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 17 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires

    Environment—current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; overfishing

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)