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Guinea Geography

    Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone

    Geographic coordinates: 11 00 N, 10 00 W

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 245,860 sq km
    land: 245,860 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon

    Land boundaries:
    total: 3,399 km
    border countries: Guinea-Bissau 386 km, Cote d'Ivoire 610 km, Liberia 563 km, Mali 858 km, Senegal 330 km, Sierra Leone 652 km

    Coastline: 320 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

    Terrain: generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mont Nimba 1,752 m

    Natural resources: bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish

    Land use:
    arable land: 2%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 22%
    forests and woodland: 59%
    other: 17% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 930 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season

    Environment—current issues: deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing, overpopulation in forest region

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)