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Haiti Geography

    Location: Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic

    Geographic coordinates: 19 00 N, 72 25 W

    Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

    Area:
    total: 27,750 sq km
    land: 27,560 sq km
    water: 190 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

    Land boundaries:
    total: 275 km
    border countries: Dominican Republic 275 km

    Coastline: 1,771 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds

    Terrain: mostly rough and mountainous

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m

    Natural resources: none

    Land use:
    arable land: 20%
    permanent crops: 13%
    permanent pastures: 18%
    forests and woodland: 5%
    other: 44% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 750 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts

    Environment—current issues: extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
    signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban

    Geography—note: shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)