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Honduras Geography

    Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Nicaragua

    Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 86 30 W

    Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

    Area:
    total: 112,090 sq km
    land: 111,890 sq km
    water: 200 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than Tennessee

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,520 km
    border countries: Guatemala 256 km, El Salvador 342 km, Nicaragua 922 km

    Coastline: 820 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: natural extension of territory or to 200 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains

    Terrain: mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m

    Natural resources: timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish

    Land use:
    arable land: 15%
    permanent crops: 3%
    permanent pastures: 14%
    forests and woodland: 54%
    other: 14% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 740 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; damaging hurricanes and floods along Caribbean coast

    Environment—current issues: urban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water) as well as several rivers and streams with heavy metals; severe Hurricane Mitch damage

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)