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Jordan Geography

    Location: Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia

    Geographic coordinates: 31 00 N, 36 00 E

    Map references: Middle East

    Area:
    total: 89,213 sq km
    land: 88,884 sq km
    water: 329 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,619 km
    border countries: Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 728 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km

    Coastline: 26 km

    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 3 nm

    Climate: mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)

    Terrain: mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
    highest point: Jabal Ram 1,754 m

    Natural resources: phosphates, potash, shale oil

    Land use:
    arable land: 4%
    permanent crops: 1%
    permanent pastures: 9%
    forests and woodland: 1%
    other: 85% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 630 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)