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Kuwait Geography

    Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia

    Geographic coordinates: 29 30 N, 45 45 E

    Map references: Middle East

    Area:
    total: 17,820 sq km
    land: 17,820 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

    Land boundaries:
    total: 464 km
    border countries: Iraq 242 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km

    Coastline: 499 km

    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters

    Terrain: flat to slightly undulating desert plain

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
    highest point: unnamed location 306 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 8%
    forests and woodland: 0%
    other: 92% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April; they bring inordinate amounts of rain which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between March and August

    Environment—current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping

    Geography—note: strategic location at head of Persian Gulf

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)