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Liberia Geography

    Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone

    Geographic coordinates: 6 30 N, 9 30 W

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 111,370 sq km
    land: 96,320 sq km
    water: 15,050 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than Tennessee

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,585 km
    border countries: Guinea 563 km, Cote d'Ivoire 716 km, Sierra Leone 306 km

    Coastline: 579 km

    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 200 nm

    Climate: tropical; hot, humid; dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers

    Terrain: mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in northeast

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mount Wuteve 1,380 m

    Natural resources: iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold

    Land use:
    arable land: 1%
    permanent crops: 3%
    permanent pastures: 59%
    forests and woodland: 18%
    other: 19% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to March)

    Environment—current issues: tropical rain forest subject to deforestation; soil erosion; loss of biodiversity; pollution of coastal waters from oil residue and raw sewage

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)