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Libya Geography 1999

    Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia

    Geographic coordinates: 25 00 N, 17 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    total: 1,759,540 sq km
    land: 1,759,540 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than Alaska

    Land boundaries:
    total: 4,383 km
    border countries: Algeria 982 km, Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,150 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 km

    Coastline: 1,770 km

    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    note: Gulf of Sidra closing line—32 degrees 30 minutes north

    Climate: Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior

    Terrain: mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m
    highest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, gypsum

    Land use:
    arable land: 1%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 8%
    forests and woodland: 0%
    other: 91% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 4,700 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms

    Environment—current issues: desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Desertification, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)