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Malta Geography

    Location: Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)

    Geographic coordinates: 35 50 N, 14 35 E

    Map references: Europe

    Area:
    total: 320 sq km
    land: 320 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 140 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers

    Terrain: mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)

    Natural resources: limestone, salt

    Land use:
    arable land: 38%
    permanent crops: 3%
    permanent pastures: NA%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: 59% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: very limited natural fresh water resources; increasing reliance on desalination

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

    Geography—note: the country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)