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Marshall Islands Geography

    Location: Oceania, group of atolls and reefs in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Papua New Guinea

    Geographic coordinates: 9 00 N, 168 00 E

    Map references: Oceania

    Area:
    total: 181.3 sq km
    land: 181.3 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    note: includes the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, and Kwajalein

    Area—comparative: about the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 370.4 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: wet season from May to November; hot and humid; islands border typhoon belt

    Terrain: low coral limestone and sand islands

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: unnamed location on Likiep 10 m

    Natural resources: phosphate deposits, marine products, deep seabed minerals

    Land use:
    arable land: NA%
    permanent crops: 60%
    permanent pastures: NA%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: 40%

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: occasional typhoons

    Environment—current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertication, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

    Geography—note: two archipelagic island chains of 30 atolls and 1,152 islands; Bikini and Enewetak are former US nuclear test sites; Kwajalein, the famous World War II battleground, is now used as a US missile test range

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)