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Moldova Geography

    Location: Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania

    Geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 29 00 E

    Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

    Area:
    total: 33,843 sq km
    land: 33,371 sq km
    water: 472 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than Maryland

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,389 km
    border countries: Romania 450 km, Ukraine 939 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: moderate winters, warm summers

    Terrain: rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Nistru River 2 m
    highest point: Mount Balaneshty 430 m

    Natural resources: lignite, phosphorites, gypsum

    Land use:
    arable land: 53%
    permanent crops: 14%
    permanent pastures: 13%
    forests and woodland: 13%
    other: 7% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 3,110 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: landslides (57 cases in 1998)

    Environment—current issues: heavy use of agricultural chemicals, including banned pesticides such as DDT, has contaminated soil and groundwater; extensive soil erosion from poor farming methods

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

    Geography—note: landlocked

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)