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Morocco Geography

    Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara

    Geographic coordinates: 32 00 N, 5 00 W

    Map references: Africa

    total: 446,550 sq km
    land: 446,300 sq km
    water: 250 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than California

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,017.9 km
    border countries: Algeria 1,559 km, Western Sahara 443 km, Spain (Ceuta) 6.3 km, Spain (Melilla) 9.6 km

    Coastline: 1,835 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior

    Terrain: northern coast and interior are mountainous with large areas of bordering plateaus, intermontane valleys, and rich coastal plains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Sebkha Tah -55 m
    highest point: Jebel Toubkal 4,165 m

    Natural resources: phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt

    Land use:
    arable land: 21%
    permanent crops: 1%
    permanent pastures: 47%
    forests and woodland: 20%
    other: 11% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 12,580 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: northern mountains geologically unstable and subject to earthquakes; periodic droughts

    Environment—current issues: land degradation/desertification (soil erosion resulting from farming of marginal areas, overgrazing, destruction of vegetation); water supplies contaminated by raw sewage; siltation of reservoirs; oil pollution of coastal waters

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea

    Geography—note: strategic location along Strait of Gibraltar

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)