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Mozambique Geography

    Location: Southern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania

    Geographic coordinates: 18 15 S, 35 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    total: 801,590 sq km
    land: 784,090 sq km
    water: 17,500 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly less than twice the size of California

    Land boundaries:
    total: 4,571 km
    border countries: Malawi 1,569 km, South Africa 491 km, Swaziland 105 km, Tanzania 756 km, Zambia 419 km, Zimbabwe 1,231 km

    Coastline: 2,470 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical to subtropical

    Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Monte Binga 2,436 m

    Natural resources: coal, titanium, natural gas

    Land use:
    arable land: 4%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 56%
    forests and woodland: 18%
    other: 22% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 1,180 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: severe droughts and floods occur in central and southern provinces; devastating cyclones

    Environment—current issues: a long civil war and recurrent drought in the hinterlands have resulted in increased migration of the population to urban and coastal areas with adverse environmental consequences; desertification; pollution of surface and coastal waters

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)