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Namibia Geography 1999

    Location: Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa

    Geographic coordinates: 22 00 S, 17 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    total: 825,418 sq km
    land: 825,418 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly more than half the size of Alaska

    Land boundaries:
    total: 3,824 km
    border countries: Angola 1,376 km, Botswana 1,360 km, South Africa 855 km, Zambia 233 km

    Coastline: 1,572 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic

    Terrain: mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Konigstein 2,606 m

    Natural resources: diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, zinc, salt, vanadium, natural gas, fish; suspected deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, iron ore

    Land use:
    arable land: 1%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 46%
    forests and woodland: 22%
    other: 31% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 60 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: prolonged periods of drought

    Environment—current issues: very limited natural fresh water resources; desertification

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)