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Niger Geography

    Location: Western Africa, southeast of Algeria

    Geographic coordinates: 16 00 N, 8 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 1.267 million sq km
    land: 1,266,700 sq km
    water: 300 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

    Land boundaries:
    total: 5,697 km
    border countries: Algeria 956 km, Benin 266 km, Burkina Faso 628 km, Chad 1,175 km, Libya 354 km, Mali 821 km, Nigeria 1,497 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south

    Terrain: predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Niger River 200 m
    highest point: Mont Greboun 1,944 m

    Natural resources: uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, petroleum

    Land use:
    arable land: 3%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 7%
    forests and woodland: 2%
    other: 88% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 660 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: recurring droughts

    Environment—current issues: overgrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; wildlife populations (such as elephant, hippopotamus, giraffe, and lion) threatened because of poaching and habitat destruction

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea

    Geography—note: landlocked

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)