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Palau Geography 1999

    Location: Oceania, group of islands in the North Pacific Ocean, southeast of the Philippines

    Geographic coordinates: 7 30 N, 134 30 E

    Map references: Oceania

    total: 458 sq km
    land: 458 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly more than 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 1,519 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
    extended fishing zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 3 nm

    Climate: wet season May to November; hot and humid

    Terrain: varying geologically from the high, mountainous main island of Babelthuap to low, coral islands usually fringed by large barrier reefs

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mount Ngerchelchauus 242 m

    Natural resources: forests, minerals (especially gold), marine products, deep-seabed minerals

    Land use:
    arable land: NA%
    permanent crops: NA%
    permanent pastures: NA%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: NA%

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: typhoons (June to December)

    Environment—current issues: inadequate facilities for disposal of solid waste; threats to the marine ecosystem from sand and coral dredging, illegal fishing practices, and overfishing

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Law of the Sea
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: includes World War II battleground of Beliliou (Peleliu) and world-famous rock islands; archipelago of six island groups totaling over 200 islands in the Caroline chain

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)