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Peru Geography

    Location: Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

    Geographic coordinates: 10 00 S, 76 00 W

    Map references: South America

    Area:
    total: 1,285,220 sq km
    land: 1.28 million sq km
    water: 5,220 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Alaska

    Land boundaries:
    total: 6,940 km
    border countries: Bolivia 900 km, Brazil 1,560 km, Chile 160 km, Colombia 2,900 km, Ecuador 1,420 km

    Coastline: 2,414 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 200 nm

    Climate: varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west

    Terrain: western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Nevado Huascaran 6,768 m

    Natural resources: copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash

    Land use:
    arable land: 3%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 21%
    forests and woodland: 66%
    other: 10% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 12,800 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity

    Environment—current issues: deforestation; overgrazing of the slopes of the costa and sierra leading to soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Lima; pollution of rivers and coastal waters from municipal and mining wastes

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

    Geography—note: shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake, with Bolivia

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)