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Portugal Geography

    Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain

    Geographic coordinates: 39 30 N, 8 00 W

    Map references: Europe

    Area:
    total: 92,391 sq km
    land: 91,951 sq km
    water: 440 sq km
    note: includes Azores and Madeira Islands

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,214 km
    border countries: Spain 1,214 km

    Coastline: 1,793 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south

    Terrain: mountainous north of the Tagus River, rolling plains in south

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Ponta do Pico (Pico or Pico Alto) on Ilha do Pico in the Azores 2,351 m

    Natural resources: fish, forests (cork), tungsten, iron ore, uranium ore, marble

    Land use:
    arable land: 26%
    permanent crops: 9%
    permanent pastures: 9%
    forests and woodland: 36%
    other: 20% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 6,300 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: Azores subject to severe earthquakes

    Environment—current issues: soil erosion; air pollution caused by industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution, especially in coastal areas

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Environmental Modification, Nuclear Test Ban, Tropical Timber 94

    Geography—note: Azores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)