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Qatar Geography 1999

    Location: Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia

    Geographic coordinates: 25 30 N, 51 15 E

    Map references: Middle East

    total: 11,437 sq km
    land: 11,437 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

    Land boundaries:
    total: 60 km
    border countries: Saudi Arabia 60 km

    Coastline: 563 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: desert; hot, dry; humid and sultry in summer

    Terrain: mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
    highest point: Qurayn Abu al Bawl 103 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, fish

    Land use:
    arable land: 1%
    permanent crops: NA%
    permanent pastures: 5%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: 94% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 80 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: haze, dust storms, sandstorms common

    Environment—current issues: limited natural fresh water resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

    Geography—note: strategic location in central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)