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Saint Lucia Geography

    Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

    Geographic coordinates: 13 53 N, 60 68 W

    Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

    Area:
    total: 620 sq km
    land: 610 sq km
    water: 10 sq km

    Area—comparative: 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 158 km

    Maritime claims: 200 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to April, rainy season from May to August

    Terrain: volcanic and mountainous with some broad, fertile valleys

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Mount Gimie 950 m

    Natural resources: forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential

    Land use:
    arable land: 8%
    permanent crops: 21%
    permanent pastures: 5%
    forests and woodland: 13%
    other: 53% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: hurricanes and volcanic activity

    Environment—current issues: deforestation; soil erosion, particularly in the northern region

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)