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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Geography

    Location: Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago

    Geographic coordinates: 13 15 N, 61 12 W

    Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

    total: 340 sq km
    land: 340 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: twice the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 84 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

    Terrain: volcanic, mountainous

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Soufriere 1,234 m

    Natural resources: NEGL

    Land use:
    arable land: 10%
    permanent crops: 18%
    permanent pastures: 5%
    forests and woodland: 36%
    other: 31% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat

    Environment—current issues: pollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas, pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

    Geography—note: the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)