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Slovakia Geography

    Location: Central Europe, south of Poland

    Geographic coordinates: 48 40 N, 19 30 E

    Map references: Europe

    Area:
    total: 48,845 sq km
    land: 48,800 sq km
    water: 45 sq km

    Area—comparative: about twice the size of New Hampshire

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,355 km
    border countries: Austria 91 km, Czech Republic 215 km, Hungary 515 km, Poland 444 km, Ukraine 90 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

    Terrain: rugged mountains in the central and northern part and lowlands in the south

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Bodrok River 94 m
    highest point: Gerlachovka 2,655 m

    Natural resources: brown coal and lignite; small amounts of iron ore, copper and manganese ore; salt

    Land use:
    arable land: 31%
    permanent crops: 3%
    permanent pastures: 17%
    forests and woodland: 41%
    other: 8% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 800 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: air pollution from metallurgical plants presents human health risks; acid rain damaging forests

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

    Geography—note: landlocked

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)