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Solomon Islands Geography

    Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea

    Geographic coordinates: 8 00 S, 159 00 E

    Map references: Oceania

    Area:
    total: 28,450 sq km
    land: 27,540 sq km
    water: 910 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 5,313 km

    Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
    continental shelf: 200 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather

    Terrain: mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mount Makarakomburu 2,447 m

    Natural resources: fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel

    Land use:
    arable land: 1%
    permanent crops: 1%
    permanent pastures: 1%
    forests and woodland: 88%
    other: 9% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: typhoons, but they are rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity

    Environment—current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; much of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)