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Tajikistan Geography 1999

    Location: Central Asia, west of China

    Geographic coordinates: 39 00 N, 71 00 E

    Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

    total: 143,100 sq km
    land: 142,700 sq km
    water: 400 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Wisconsin

    Land boundaries:
    total: 3,651 km
    border countries: Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains

    Terrain: Pamir and Alay mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Syrdariya 300 m
    highest point: Qullai Kommunizm 7,495 m

    Natural resources: significant hydropower potential, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten

    Land use:
    arable land: 6%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 25%
    forests and woodland: 4%
    other: 65% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 6,390 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides; part of the basin of the shrinking Aral Sea suffers from severe overutilization of available water for irrigation and associated pollution

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: landlocked

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)