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Tunisia Geography 1999

    Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya

    Geographic coordinates: 34 00 N, 9 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    total: 163,610 sq km
    land: 155,360 sq km
    water: 8,250 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than Georgia

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,424 km
    border countries: Algeria 965 km, Libya 459 km

    Coastline: 1,148 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south

    Terrain: mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Shatt al Gharsah -17 m
    highest point: Jabal ash Shanabi 1,544 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt

    Land use:
    arable land: 19%
    permanent crops: 13%
    permanent pastures: 20%
    forests and woodland: 4%
    other: 44% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 3,850 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and presents human health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

    Geography—note: strategic location in central Mediterranean

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)