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Ukraine Geography 1999

    Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland and Russia

    Geographic coordinates: 49 00 N, 32 00 E

    Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

    total: 603,700 sq km
    land: 603,700 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

    Land boundaries:
    total: 4,558 km
    border countries: Belarus 891 km, Hungary 103 km, Moldova 939 km, Poland 428 km, Romania (south) 169 km, Romania (west) 362 km, Russia 1,576 km, Slovakia 90 km

    Coastline: 2,782 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200-m or to the depth of exploitation
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: temperate continental; Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast; precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot in the south

    Terrain: most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus, mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians), and in the Crimean Peninsula in the extreme south

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
    highest point: Hora Hoverla 2,061 m

    Natural resources: iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber

    Land use:
    arable land: 58%
    permanent crops: 2%
    permanent pastures: 13%
    forests and woodland: 18%
    other: 9% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 26,050 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; air and water pollution; deforestation; radiation contamination in the northeast from 1986 accident at Chornobyl' Nuclear Power Plant

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea

    Geography—note: strategic position at the crossroads between Europe and Asia; second-largest country in Europe

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)