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    Afghanistan Geography 1997

      Location Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran

      Geographic coordinates 33 00 N, 65 00 E

      Map references Asia

      total: 647,500 sq km
      land: 647,500 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries
      total: 5,529 km
      border countries: China 76 km, Iran 936 km, Pakistan 2,430 km, Tajikistan 1,206 km, Turkmenistan744 km, Uzbekistan 137 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers

      Terrain mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Amu Darya 258 m
      highest point: Nowshak 7,485 m

      Natural resources natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc,iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones

      Land use
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops : 0%
      permanent pastures: 46%
      forests and woodland: 3%
      other: 39% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 30,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards damaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding

      Environment - current issues soil degradation; overgrazing; deforestation (much of the remainingforests are being cut down for fuel and building materials); desertification

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, MarineDumping, Nuclear Test Ban
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, MarineLife Conservation

      Geography - note landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Afghanistan on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Afghanistan Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Afghanistan Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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