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    Angola Geography 1997

      Location Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibiaand Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Geographic coordinates 12 30 S, 18 30 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 1,246,700 sq km
      land : 1,246,700 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries
      total: 5,198 km
      border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,511 km of which 220 km is the boundaryof discontiguous Cabinda province, Republic of the Congo 201 km, Namibia 1,376 km, Zambia 1,110 km

      Coastline 1,600 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 20 nm

      Climate semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool, dry season(May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April)

      Terrain narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Morro de Moco 2,620 m

      Natural resources petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite,uranium

      Land use
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 23%
      forests and woodland: 43%
      other : 32% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 750 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau

      Environment - current issues the overuse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion attributable topopulation pressures; desertification; deforestation of tropical rain forest,in response to both international demand for tropical timber and to domesticuse as fuel, resulting in loss of biodiversity; soil erosion contributingto water pollution and siltation of rivers and dams; inadequate supplies ofpotable water

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Law of the Sea
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification

      Geography - note Cabinda is separated from rest of country by Congo (Kinshasa)

      NOTE: The information regarding Angola on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Angola Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Angola Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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