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    Bahrain Geography 1997

      Location Middle East, archipelago in the Persian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia

      Geographic coordinates 26 00 N, 50 33 E

      Map references Middle East

      total : 620 sq km
      land: 620 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 161 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: extending to boundaries to be determined
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers

      Terrain mostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
      highest point: Jabal ad Dukhan 122 m

      Natural resources oil, associated and nonassociated natural gas, fish

      Land use
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 6%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 92% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 10 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards periodic droughts; dust storms

      Environment - current issues desertification resulting from the degradation of limited arable land,periods of drought, and dust storms; coastal degradation (damage to coastlines,coral reefs, and sea vegetation) resulting from oil spills and other dischargesfrom large tankers, oil refineries, and distribution stations; no naturalfresh water resources so that groundwater and sea water are the only sourcesfor all water needs

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, OzoneLayer Protection
      signed, but not ratified : none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note close to primary Middle Eastern petroleum sources; strategic locationin Persian Gulf which much of Western world's petroleum must transit to reachopen ocean

      NOTE: The information regarding Bahrain on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bahrain Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bahrain Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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