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    Bangladesh Geography 1997

      Location Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India

      Geographic coordinates 24 00 N, 90 00 E

      Map references Asia

      total: 144,000 sq km
      land: 133,910 sq km
      water : 10,090 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Wisconsin

      Land boundaries
      total : 4,246 km
      border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km

      Coastline 580 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone : 18 nm
      continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; cool, dry winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (Marchto June); cool, rainy monsoon (June to October)

      Terrain mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Reng Tlang 957 m

      Natural resources natural gas, arable land, timber

      Land use
      arable land: 73%
      permanent crops: 2%
      permanent pastures : 5%
      forests and woodland: 15%
      other: 5% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 31,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards droughts, cyclones; much of the country routinely flooded during thesummer monsoon season

      Environment - current issues many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-proneland; limited access to potable water; water-borne diseases prevalent; waterpollution especially of fishing areas results from the use of commercial pesticides;intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northernand central parts of the country; soil degradation; deforestation; severeoverpopulation

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, EnvironmentalModification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      NOTE: The information regarding Bangladesh on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bangladesh Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bangladesh Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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