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    Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography 1997

      Location Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia

      Geographic coordinates 44 00 N, 18 00 E

      Map references Bosnia and Herzegovina, Europe

      total: 51,233 sq km
      land: 51,233 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than West Virginia

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,459 km
      border countries: Croatia 932 km, Serbia and Montenegro 527 km (312 km with Serbia, 215km with Montenegro)

      Coastline 20 km

      Maritime claims NA

      Climate hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, coolsummers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast

      Terrain mountains and valleys

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Maglic 2,386 m

      Natural resources coal, iron, bauxite, manganese, forests, copper, chromium, lead, zinc

      Land use
      arable land: 14%
      permanent crops : 5%
      permanent pastures: 20%
      forests and woodland: 39%
      other: 22% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 20 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards frequent and destructive earthquakes

      Environment - current issues air pollution from metallurgical plants; sites for disposing of urbanwaste are limited; widespread casualties, water shortages, and destructionof infrastructure because of the 1992-95 civil strife

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation,Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note within Bosnia and Herzegovina's recognized borders, the country is dividedinto a joint Muslim-Croat Federation (about 51% of the territory) and a SerbRepublic, The Republika Srpska [RS] (about 49% of the territory); the regioncalled Herzegovina is contiguous to Croatia and traditionally has been settledby an ethnic Croat majority

      NOTE: The information regarding Bosnia and Herzegovina on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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