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    British Indian Ocean Territory Geography 1997

      Location Southern Asia, archipelago in the Indian Ocean, about one-half the wayfrom Africa to Indonesia

      Geographic coordinates 6 00 S, 71 30 E

      Map references World

      total: 60 sq km
      land : 60 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes the entire Chagos Archipelago

      Area - comparative about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 698 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 3 nm

      Climate tropical marine; hot, humid, moderated by trade winds

      Terrain flat and low (up to four meters in elevation)

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location on Diego Garcia 15 m

      Natural resources coconuts, fish

      Land use
      arable land: NA%
      permanent crops: NA%
      permanent pastures : NA%
      forests and woodland: NA%
      other: 100% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 0 sq km (1993)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues NA

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: NA
      signed, but not ratified: NA

      Geography - note archipelago of 2,300 islands; Diego Garcia, largest and southernmostisland, occupies strategic location in central Indian Ocean; island is siteof joint US-UK military facility

      NOTE: The information regarding British Indian Ocean Territory on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of British Indian Ocean Territory Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about British Indian Ocean Territory Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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