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    Central African Republic Geography 1997

      Location Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Geographic coordinates 7 00 N, 21 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 622,980 sq km
      land: 622,980 sq km
      water : 0 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries
      total : 5,203 km
      border countries: Cameroon 797 km, Chad 1,197 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,577km, Republic of the Congo 467 km, Sudan 1,165 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers

      Terrain vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeastand southwest

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Oubangui River 335 m
      highest point: Mount Gaou 1,420 m

      Natural resources diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil

      Land use
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 5%
      forests and woodland: 75%
      other: 17% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common

      Environment - current issues tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished its reputation asone of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, NuclearTest Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding Central African Republic on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Central African Republic Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Central African Republic Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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