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    Christmas Island Geography 1997

      Location Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia

      Geographic coordinates 10 30 S, 105 40 E

      Map references Southeast Asia

      total: 135 sq km
      land: 135 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative about 0.7 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 138.9 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 12 nm
      exclusive fishing zone : 200 nm
      territorial sea: 3 nm

      Climate tropical; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds

      Terrain steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Murray Hill 361 m

      Natural resources phosphate

      Land use
      arable land: NA%
      permanent crops: NA%
      permanent pastures: NA%
      forests and woodland : NA%
      other: 100% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

      Environment - current issues NA

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : NA
      signed, but not ratified: NA

      Geography - note located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean

      NOTE: The information regarding Christmas Island on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Christmas Island Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Christmas Island Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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