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    Cyprus Geography 1997

      Location Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey

      Geographic coordinates 35 00 N, 33 00 E

      Map references Middle East

      total: 9,250 sq km (note - 3,355 sq km are in the Turkish area)
      land: 9,240 sq km
      water: 10 sq km

      Area - comparative about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 648 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate temperate, Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters

      Terrain central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significantplains along southern coast

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Olympus 1,952 m

      Natural resources copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earthpigment

      Land use
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 5%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 13%
      other : 70% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 390 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards moderate earthquake activity

      Environment - current issues water resource problems (no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparityin rainfall; sea water intrusion to island's largest aquifier); water pollutionfrom sewage and industrial wastes; coastal degradation; loss of wildlife habitatsfrom urbanization

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification,Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, OzoneLayer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change

      NOTE: The information regarding Cyprus on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cyprus Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cyprus Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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