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    Djibouti Geography 1997

      Location Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, betweenEritrea and Somalia

      Geographic coordinates 11 30 N, 43 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 22,000 sq km
      land: 21,980 sq km
      water : 20 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Massachusetts

      Land boundaries
      total: 508 km
      border countries : Eritrea 113 km, Ethiopia 337 km, Somalia 58 km

      Coastline 314 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone : 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate desert; torrid, dry

      Terrain coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Asal -155 m
      highest point : Mousa Alli 2,028 m

      Natural resources geothermal areas

      Land use
      arable land : NA%
      permanent crops: NA%
      permanent pastures: 9%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 91% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the IndianOcean bring heavy rains and flash floods

      Environment - current issues inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, ShipPollution
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification

      Geography - note strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close toArabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; mostly wasteland

      NOTE: The information regarding Djibouti on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Djibouti Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Djibouti Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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