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    Ecuador Geography 1997
    https://photius.com/wfb1997/ecuador/ecuador_geography.html
    SOURCE: 1997 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, betweenColombia and Peru

      Geographic coordinates 2 00 S, 77 30 W

      Map references South America

      Area
      total : 283,560 sq km
      land: 276,840 sq km
      water: 6,720 sq km
      note: includes Galapagos Islands

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Nevada

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,010 km
      border countries: Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km

      Coastline 2,237 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: claims continental shelf between mainland and Galapagos Islands
      territorial sea: 200 nm

      Climate tropical along coast becoming cooler inland

      Terrain coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), andflat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Chimborazo 6,267 m

      Natural resources petroleum, fish, timber

      Land use
      arable land: 6%
      permanent crops: 5%
      permanent pastures: 18%
      forests and woodland: 56%
      other: 15% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 5,560 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards frequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution; pollutionfrom oil production wastes

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, ClimateChange, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear TestBan, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified : none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note Cotopaxi in Andes is highest active volcano in world

      NOTE: The information regarding Ecuador on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ecuador Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ecuador Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr03/06/02