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    Eritrea Geography 1997

      Location Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan

      Geographic coordinates 15 00 N, 39 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total : 121,320 sq km
      land: 121,320 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Pennsylvania

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,630 km
      border countries: Djibouti 113 km, Ethiopia 912 km, Sudan 605 km

      Coastline 2,234 km total; mainland on Red Sea 1,151 km, islands in Red Sea 1,083km

      Maritime claims NA

      Climate hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in thecentral highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually); semiarid in westernhills and lowlands; rainfall heaviest during June-September except on coastaldesert

      Terrain dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands,descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Kobar Sink -75 m
      highest point: Soira 3,013 m

      Natural resources gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, probably oil (petroleum geologistsare prospecting for it), fish

      Land use
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 48%
      forests and woodland: 20%
      other : 19% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 280 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards frequent droughts

      Environment - current issues deforestation; desertification; soil erosion; overgrazing; loss of infrastructurefrom civil warfare

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note strategic geopolitical position along world's busiest shipping lanes;Eritrea retained the entire coastline of Ethiopia along the Red Sea upon dejure independence from Ethiopia on 27 April 1993

      NOTE: The information regarding Eritrea on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Eritrea Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Eritrea Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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