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    Ethiopia Geography 1997

      Location Eastern Africa, west of Somalia

      Geographic coordinates 8 00 N, 38 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 1,127,127 sq km
      land: 1,119,683 sq km
      water: 7,444 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries
      total: 5,311 km
      border countries: Djibouti 337 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 830 km, Somalia 1,626 km, Sudan1,606 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation

      Terrain high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Denakil -125 m
      highest point: Ras Dashen Terara 4,620 m

      Natural resources small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash

      Land use
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops : 1%
      permanent pastures: 40%
      forests and woodland: 25%
      other: 22% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 1,900 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcaniceruptions; frequent droughts

      Environment - current issues deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, NuclearTest Ban

      Geography - note landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the dejure independence of Eritrea on 27 April 1993

      NOTE: The information regarding Ethiopia on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ethiopia Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ethiopia Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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