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    Fiji Geography 1997

      Location Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds ofthe way from Hawaii to New Zealand

      Geographic coordinates 18 00 S, 175 00 E

      Map references Oceania

      total: 18,270 sq km
      land: 18,270 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than New Jersey

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 1,129 km

      Maritime claims measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claimadded
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea : 12 nm

      Climate tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation

      Terrain mostly mountains of volcanic origin

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m

      Natural resources timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential

      Land use
      arable land : 10%
      permanent crops: 4%
      permanent pastures: 10%
      forests and woodland: 65%
      other : 11% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 10 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards cyclonic storms can occur from November to January

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation,Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber94, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note includes 332 islands of which approximately 110 are inhabited

      NOTE: The information regarding Fiji on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Fiji Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Fiji Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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