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    Greece Geography 1997

      Location Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the MediterraneanSea, between Albania and Turkey

      Geographic coordinates 39 00 N, 22 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 131,940 sq km
      land: 130,800 sq km
      water: 1,140 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Alabama

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,210 km
      border countries : Albania 282 km, Bulgaria 494 km, Turkey 206 km, The Former YugoslavRepublic of Macedonia 228 km

      Coastline 13,676 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea : 6 nm

      Climate temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers

      Terrain mostly mountains with ranges extending into sea as peninsulas or chainsof islands

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point : Mount Olympus 2,917 m

      Natural resources bauxite, lignite, magnesite, petroleum, marble

      Land use
      arable land : 19%
      permanent crops: 8%
      permanent pastures: 41%
      forests and woodland: 20%
      other: 12% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 13,140 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards severe earthquakes

      Environment - current issues air pollution; water pollution

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Air Pollution, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity,Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, HazardousWastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-VolatileOrganic Compounds, Desertification, Tropical Timber 94

      Geography - note strategic location dominating the Aegean Sea and southern approach toTurkish Straits; a peninsular country, possessing an archipelago of about 2,000 islands

      NOTE: The information regarding Greece on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Greece Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Greece Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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