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    Guinea-Bissau Geography 1997

      Location Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea andSenegal

      Geographic coordinates 12 00 N, 15 00 W

      Map references Africa

      total: 36,120 sq km
      land: 28,000 sq km
      water: 8,120 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than three times the size of Connecticut

      Land boundaries
      total: 724 km
      border countries: Guinea 386 km, Senegal 338 km

      Coastline 350 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (Juneto November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

      Terrain mostly low coastal plain rising to savanna in east

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location in the northeast corner of the country 300 m

      Natural resources fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, unexploited deposits of petroleum

      Land use
      arable land: 11%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures : 38%
      forests and woodland: 38%
      other: 12% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 17 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season;brush fires

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Lawof the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      NOTE: The information regarding Guinea-Bissau on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea-Bissau Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guinea-Bissau Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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