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    Haiti Geography 1997

      Location Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between theCaribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic

      Geographic coordinates 19 00 N, 72 25 W

      Map references Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 27,750 sq km
      land: 27,560 sq km
      water: 190 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries
      total: 275 km
      border countries : Dominican Republic 275 km

      Coastline 1,771 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf : to depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds

      Terrain mostly rough and mountainous

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m

      Natural resources bauxite

      Land use
      arable land: 20%
      permanent crops: 13%
      permanent pastures : 18%
      forests and woodland: 5%
      other: 44% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 750 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe stormsfrom June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is beingcleared for agriculture and use as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate suppliesof potable water

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, MarineDumping, Marine Life Conservation
      signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-thirdis Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)

      NOTE: The information regarding Haiti on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Haiti Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Haiti Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)