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    Howland Island Geography 1997

      Location Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the wayfrom Hawaii to Australia

      Geographic coordinates 0 48 N, 176 38 W

      Map references Oceania

      total: 1.6 sq km
      land : 1.6 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 6.4 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea : 12 nm

      Climate equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun

      Terrain low-lying, nearly level, sandy, coral island surrounded by a narrowfringing reef; depressed central area

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point : unnamed location 3 m

      Natural resources guano (deposits worked until late 1800s)

      Land use
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops : 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 5%
      other: 95%

      Irrigated land 0 sq km (1993)

      Natural hazards the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

      Environment - current issues no natural fresh water resources

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : NA
      signed, but not ratified: NA

      Geography - note almost totally covered with grasses, prostrate vines, and low-growingshrubs; small area of trees in the center; primarily a nesting, roosting,and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife; feralcats

      NOTE: The information regarding Howland Island on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Howland Island Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Howland Island Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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