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    Hungary Government 1997

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Hungary
      conventional short form: Hungary
      local long form: Magyar Koztarsasag
      local short form: Magyarorszag

      Data code HU

      Government type republic

      National capital Budapest

      Administrative divisions 19 counties (megyek, singular - megye), 20 urban counties* (singular- megyei varos), and 1 capital city** (fovaros); Bacs-Kiskun, Baranya, Bekes,Bekescsaba*, Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen, Budapest**, Csongrad, Debrecen*, Dunaujvaros*,Eger*, Fejer, Gyor*, Gyor-Moson-Sopron, Hajdu-Bihar, Heves, Hodmezovasarhely*,Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok, Kaposvar*, Kecskemet*, Komarom-Esztergom, Miskolc*,Nagykanizsa*, Nograd, Nyiregyhaza*, Pecs*, Pest, Somogy, Sopron*, Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg,Szeged*, Szekesfehervar*, Szolnok*, Szombathely*, Tatabanya*, Tolna, Vas,Veszprem, Veszprem*, Zala, Zalaegerszeg*

      Independence 1001 (unification by King Stephen I)

      National holiday St. Stephen's Day (National Day), 20 August (commemorates the coronationof King Stephen in 1000 AD)

      Constitution 18 August 1949, effective 20 August 1949, revised 19 April 1972; 18October 1989 revision ensured legal rights for individuals and constitutional checks on the authority of the prime minister and also established the principleof parliamentary oversight

      Legal system in process of revision, moving toward rule of law based on Western model

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Arpad GONCZ (since 3 August 1990; previously interim presidentsince 2 May 1990)
      head of government : Prime Minister Gyula HORN (since 15 July 1994)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the National Assembly on the recommendationof the president
      elections: president elected by the National Assembly for a four-year term; electionlast held 19 June 1995 (next to be held NA 1999); prime minister elected bythe National Assembly on the recommendation of the president
      election results: Arpad GONCZ elected president; a total of 335 votes were cast by theNational Assembly, Arpad GONCZ received 259; Gyula HORN elected prime minister;percent of legislative vote NA

      Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly or Orszaggyules (386 seats; members areelected by popular vote under a system of proportional and direct representationto serve four-year terms)
      elections : last held on 8 and 29 May 1994 (next to be held May 1998)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - MSzP 209, SzDSz 70,MDF 37, FKgP 26, KDNP 22, FiDeSz 20, other 2

      Judicial branch Constitutional Court, judges are elected by the National Assembly

      Political parties and leaders Hungarian Democratic Forum or MDF [Sandor LEZSAK, chairman]; IndependentSmallholders or FKgP [Jozsef TORGYAN, president]; Hungarian Socialist Party or MSzP [Gyula HORN, president]; Christian Democratic People's Party or KDNP[Gyorgy GICZY, president]; Federation of Young Democrats or FiDeSz [ViktorORBAN, chairman]; Alliance of Free Democrats or SzDSz [Gabor KUNCZE, chairman];Hungarian Democratic People's Party or MDNP [Ivan SZABO, chairman]
      note: the Hungarian Socialist (Communist) Workers' Party or MSzMP renouncedCommunism and became the Hungarian Socialist Party or MSzP in October 1989;there is still a small MMP (Communist Party); the MDNP was formed in March1996 by breakaway members of the Hungarian Democratic Forum

      International organization participation Australia Group, BIS, CCC, CE, CEI, CERN, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant),FAO, G- 9, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO,Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MTCR, NACC, NAM (guest),NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNAVEM III, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIBH, UNOMIG, UNU, UPU, WEU (associate partner),WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Gyorgy BANLAKI
      chancery: 3910 Shoemaker Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 362-6730
      FAX : [1] (202) 966-8135
      consulate(s) general: Los Angeles and New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Donald M. BLINKEN
      embassy: V. Szabadsag Ter 12, Budapest
      mailing address: American Embassy Budapest, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-5270
      telephone : [36] (1) 267-4400, 269-9331
      FAX: [36] (1) 269-9326

      Flag description three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and green

      NOTE: The information regarding Hungary on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Hungary Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Hungary Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)