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    Ireland Geography 1997

      Location Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in theNorth Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain

      Geographic coordinates 53 00 N, 8 00 W

      Map references Europe

      total: 70,280 sq km
      land: 68,890 sq km
      water : 1,390 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than West Virginia

      Land boundaries
      total: 360 km
      border countries: UK 360 km

      Coastline 1,448 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf : not specified
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters,cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time

      Terrain mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills andlow mountains; sea cliffs on west coast

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Carrauntoohill 1,041 m

      Natural resources zinc, lead, natural gas, petroleum, barite, copper, gypsum, limestone,dolomite, peat, silver

      Land use
      arable land: 13%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 68%
      forests and woodland : 5%
      other: 14% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues water pollution, especially of lakes, from agricultural runoff

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Biodiversity, ClimateChange, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, TropicalTimber 83, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Desertification, Endangered Species, MarineLife Conservation, Tropical Timber 94

      Geography - note strategic location on major air and sea routes between North Americaand northern Europe; over 40% of the population resides within 60 miles ofDublin

      NOTE: The information regarding Ireland on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ireland Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ireland Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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