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    Israel Geography 1997

      Location Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon

      Geographic coordinates 31 30 N, 34 45 E

      Map references Middle East

      total: 20,770 sq km
      land: 20,330 sq km
      water : 440 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than New Jersey

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,006 km
      border countries: Egypt 255 km, Gaza Strip 51 km, Jordan 238 km, Lebanon 79 km, Syria76 km, West Bank 307 km

      Coastline 273 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf : to depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas

      Terrain Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; JordanRift Valley

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Dead Sea -408 m
      highest point: Har Meron 1,208 m

      Natural resources copper, phosphates, bromide, potash, clay, sand, sulfur, asphalt, manganese,small amounts of natural gas and crude oil

      Land use
      arable land: 17%
      permanent crops: 4%
      permanent pastures: 7%
      forests and woodland : 6%
      other: 66% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 1,800 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards sandstorms may occur during spring and summer

      Environment - current issues limited arable land and natural fresh water resources pose serious constraints;desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwaterpollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, HazardousWastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified : Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note there are 203 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in theWest Bank, 42 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, 24 in the Gaza Strip,and 26 in East Jerusalem (August 1996 est.)

      NOTE: The information regarding Israel on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Israel Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Israel Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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