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    Jarvis Island Geography 1997

      Location Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the wayfrom Hawaii to the Cook Islands

      Geographic coordinates 0 22 S, 160 03 W

      Map references Oceania

      total : 4.5 sq km
      land: 4.5 sq km
      water : 0 sq km

      Area - comparative about eight times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 8 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun

      Terrain sandy, coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location 23 m

      Natural resources guano (deposits worked until late 1800s)

      Land use
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops : 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 100%

      Irrigated land 0 sq km (1993)

      Natural hazards the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

      Environment - current issues no natural fresh water resources

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: NA
      signed, but not ratified : NA

      Geography - note sparse bunch grass, prostrate vines, and low-growing shrubs; primarilya nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marinewildlife; feral cats

      NOTE: The information regarding Jarvis Island on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Jarvis Island Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Jarvis Island Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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