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    Latvia Government 1997

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Latvia
      conventional short form: Latvia
      local long form: Latvijas Republika
      local short form: Latvija
      former : Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic

      Data code LG

      Government type republic

      National capital Riga

      Administrative divisions 26 counties (singular - rajons) and 7 municipalities*: Aizkraukles Rajons,Aluksnes Rajons, Balvu Rajons, Bauskas Rajons, Cesu Rajons, Daugavpils*, DaugavpilsRajons, Dobeles Rajons, Gulbenes Rajons, Jekabpils Rajons, Jelgava*, JelgavasRajons, Jurmala*, Kraslavas Rajons, Kuldigas Rajons, Leipaja*, Liepajas Rajons,Limbazu Rajons, Ludzas Rajons, Madonas Rajons, Ogres Rajons, Preiju Rajons,Rezekne*, Rezeknes Rajons, Riga*, Rigas Rajons, Saldus Rajons, Talsu Rajons,Tukuma Rajons, Valkas Rajons, Valmieras Rajons, Ventspils*, Ventspils Rajons

      Independence 6 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

      National holiday Independence Day, 18 November (1918)

      Constitution the 1991 Constitutional Law which supplements the 1922 constitution,provides for basic rights and freedoms

      Legal system based on civil law system

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Guntis ULMANIS (since 7 July 1993)
      head of government: Prime Minister Andris SKELE (since 21 December 1995)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and appointed bythe Parliament
      elections: president elected by Parliament for a four-year term; election lastheld 7 July 1993 (next to be held by 20 June 1997); prime minister appointedby the president
      election results: Guntis ULMANIS elected president in the first round of balloting; percentof parliamentary vote - 53%

      Legislative branch unicameral Parliament or Saeima (100 seats; members are elected by directpopular vote to serve three-year terms)
      elections : last held 30 September-1 October 1995 (next to be held NA October 1998)
      election results: percent of vote by party - Saimnieks 18%, LC 17%, For Latvia 16%, TB14%, LNNK 8%, Unity 8%, LSZ/LKDS 7%, Harmony 6%, Socialist 6%; seats by party- Saimnieks 18, LC 17, For Latvia 16, TB 14, LNNK 8, Unity 8, LSZ/LKDS 7, Harmony 6, Socialist 6

      Judicial branch Supreme Court, judges' appointments are confirmed by the Parliament

      Political parties and leaders Democratic Party "Saimnieks" or DPS [Ziedonis CEVERS, chairman]; Latvia'sWay or LC [Valdis BIRKAVS]; For Latvia [Joachim SIEGERIST]; Fatherland andFreedom or TB [Maris GRINBLATS]; Latvian Unity Party or LVP [A. KAULS]; LatvianNational Conservative Party or LNNK [Anna SEILE]; Green Party or LSZ [O. BATAREVSK];Latvian Farmers Union or LZS [A. ROZENTALS]; Christian Democrat Union or LKDS[Maris VITOLDS]; National Harmony Party or TSP [Janis JURKANS]; Latvian SocialistParty or LSP [F. STROGANOVS]; Latvian Liberal Party or LLP [J. DANOSS]; PoliticalAssociation of the Underprivileged or MPA [B. PELSE, V. DIMANTS, J. KALNINS];Latvian Democratic Labor Party or LDDP [J. BOJARS]; Party of Russian Citizensor LKPP [V. SOROCHIN, V. IVANOV]; Peoples Front of Latvia or LTF [Uldis AUGSTKALNS];Political Union of Economists or TPA [E. KIDE]; Latvian National DemocraticParty or LNDP [A. MALINS]; "Our Land" or MZ [M. DAMBEKALNE]; AnticommunistUnion or PA [P. MUCENIEKS]; Latvian Social-Democratic Workers Party or LSDSP;Party for the Defense of Latvia's Defrauded People; Latvian Independence Partyor LNP [Valdis KONOVALOVS]

      International organization participation BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM,IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC,IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NACC, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU,WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO (applicant)

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Ojars Eriks KALNINS
      chancery: 4325 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20011
      telephone: [1] (202) 726-8213, 8214
      FAX: [1] (202) 726-6785

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission : Ambassador Larry C. NAPPER
      embassy: Raina Boulevard 7, LV-1510, Riga
      mailing address: PSC 78, Box R, APO AE 09723
      telephone: [371] (2) 210-005
      FAX : [371] (2) 226-530

      Flag description three horizontal bands of maroon (top), white (half-width), and maroon

      NOTE: The information regarding Latvia on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Latvia Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Latvia Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)