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    Libya Geography 1997

      Location Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt andTunisia

      Geographic coordinates 25 00 N, 17 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 1,759,540 sq km
      land: 1,759,540 sq km
      water : 0 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Alaska

      Land boundaries
      total: 4,383 km
      border countries: Algeria 982 km, Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,150 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383km, Tunisia 459 km

      Coastline 1,770 km

      Maritime claims
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      note: Gulf of Sidra closing line - 32 degrees 30 minutes north

      Climate Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior

      Terrain mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m
      highest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 m

      Natural resources petroleum, natural gas, gypsum

      Land use
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures : 8%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 91% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 4,700 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four daysin spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms

      Environment - current issues desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources; the GreatManmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world,is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastalcities

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Desertification, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea

      NOTE: The information regarding Libya on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Libya Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Libya Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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